What Type Of Blood Flow Is Needed For Muscle Tissue Massage Movements & Their Effects

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Massage Movements & Their Effects

Effleurage: this is a movement that mainly consists of “stroking” with the flat side of the hand, fingers together and as far as practicable, the tips of the fingers facing up to avoid bumps. Tapping precedes all other movements due to its relaxing effect, allowing the client to become accustomed to the therapist’s hands, while warming the tissues to be worked on with deeper movements later in the session, as well as increasing blood and lymph flow in and out of the area. Effleurage movements are usually done towards the heart, because in addition to acting on the skin and background structures, it helps to accelerate venous and lymphatic flow. In areas that may need stimulation, quick effleurage is allowed. There are two types, surface and deep, which are used depending on the purpose and underlying structures. This is a great move for a variety of reasons,

1) Relaxation for both client and therapist

2) Can be applied to any body type

3) To return to when you need a moment to think about how the treatment should be continued or just a “break”

4) To remove toxins after other massage movements

Petrissage is a targeted massage that concentrates on specific muscle groups, releasing toxins that have accumulated in the muscles. It is an intense deep massaging movement that helps remove ‘knots’ and increases blood flow to congested deep muscle tissue. It is often called compression and includes kneading, rolling, squeezing and joints. It is done in a rhythmic way by working tissue against tissue, tissue against bone, or lifting tissue and compressing it back. It is excellent for a sluggish system and useful for tight, knotty muscles. It always elicits some form of response from clients. Petrissage is not recommended for thin, weak clients, skin that is easily stimulated or vascularized, or very lax skin.

Tapotement, also known as percussion, is a stimulating manipulation that works through nerve responses. It is performed in a brisk, rhythmic way, where the rhythm is important because the contact with the skin is constantly interrupted. These movements include cupping, hacking, patting and tapping. Vascular reaction to these movements becomes apparent, but must be done correctly as irritation may occur. Refrain from using some of these techniques on very thin clients, bony areas, varicose veins, and broken capillaries.

Vibrations: applied along the nerve path. They are produced by the rapid contraction and relaxation of the muscles of the therapist’s hands, resulting in fine, rapid, trembling movements. The vibrating hand should be constantly moving. This is useful in neuritis and neuralgia after the inflammatory stage is over. It stimulates circulation and the work of glands and nerve plexuses. It also helps with bowel movements.

Physical effect:

* Pumping – stroking movements in massage suck fluid through blood and lymphatic vessels.

* Increased tissue permeability – deep massage causes pores in tissue membranes to open, allowing fluids and nutrients to pass through. This helps remove waste products such as lactic acid and encourages the muscles to take up oxygen and nutrients

* Stretching – massage can stretch tissues that could not be stretched by conventional methods.

* Break down scar tissue – Scar tissue is the result of previous injuries or trauma and can affect muscles, tendons and ligaments. This can lead to inflexible tissues that are prone to injury and pain.

* Improve tissue elasticity – Strenuous training can make tissues hard and inelastic. Massage helps to reverse this by stretching the tissues.

* Opens microcirculation, what massage also does is open or expand blood vessels and, by stretching them, allows easier passage of nutrients.

* Helps desquamation (removal of dead skin)

* Metabolic balance in muscle tone

* Relaxes and refreshes the muscles

* Flexibility and mobility of connective tissue

* Increases mobility and flexibility of joints

* The next best thing to exercise

* Tones the skin, making it softer and more supple

* Softens, but does not remove scars

* Warms the tissue for deeper movements

* Relaxes large muscles

* Relieves fatigue

Physiological effect:

* Pain reduction – tension and waste products in the muscles can often cause pain. Massage helps reduce this in many ways, including releasing the body’s endorphins.

* Relaxation – Muscles are relaxed through generated heat, circulation and stretching.

* Stimulates cell renewal

* Cleans the nerve pathways

* Increases nutrients for all systems through blood and nymph

* Helps to remove metabolic waste products

from all systems through lymph and blood

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