What Are The Female And Male Parts Of A Flower Adhatoda Vasica

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Adhatoda Vasica

Botanical name: Adhatoda vasica, Adhatoda zeylanica, Justicia adhatoda

Other common names of Adhatoda: Adathodai, Adusoge, Vasaka, Adalodakam, Malabar Nut, Arusa Adulsa, Bakash, Addasaramu.

Habitat: India.

Description: Named Simha Mukhi in Sanskrit because the shape of its flowers resembles a lion’s head, Adhatoda vasica grows abundantly in the plains. The bitter taste of this plant is the source of its name, the goat (Adu) does not want to eat it (Thoda/not touch it). There are clear differences in the male (Pomegranate) and female (Mada) varieties of this plant, it can be found either as a tree with spines (male) or as a small shrub with thornless leaves (female). When mature, this plant has dark green leaves with a yellow underside, 10 to 16 cm long. The fruit that has the greatest strength of the plant is a small capsule usually with four seeds. The hanging flowers of this plant are found in white, red and black, and the most common variety is the one with white flowers. It is commonly found throughout India and especially in the Himalayan mountain range, flourishing at altitudes up to 1000 meters above sea level.

Plant parts used: Leaves, roots, fruit, stem bark and flowers.

Therapeutic uses, benefits and claims of Adhatoda

  • In Ayurveda, this plant is called Vasa and traditionally only the female (Mada) variant of Adhatoda vasica was used, with the preference for potency being the Mada plants with red flowers, which are almost as rare as those with black flowers. It is the Mada variety with white flowers Adhatoda vasica that is most often used in medicinal preparations.
  • Adhatoda vasica is a plant that has unique properties that support the entire respiratory system and its bronchial function. The leaves, flowers and root of this plant have been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine to treat chest congestion and inflammation. In addition to mucolytic action, benzylamines, strong alkalis obtained from Adhatoda vasica, inhibit the effects of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  • In addition, the expectorant properties of Adhatoda vasica fruit are valued for the treatment of asthma, fever, cough, vomiting and chronic bronchitis. The leaves are dried and smoked to relieve asthma.
  • In pharmacology, this plant yields two valuable alkaloids, vasicine and vasicinone, which are formed by the oxidation process of vasicine and have been found to be a more powerful bronchodilator, in addition to reducing sensitivity to airborne irritants.
  • Rich in vitamin C, carotene, and the leaves also provide essential oil and adhatodic acid, an organic acid. The juice of the leaves and roots is used to relieve the symptoms of pine and bleeding gums and to treat glandular tumors, diarrhea and dysentery. The leaves are also ground into powder and used as a poultice for dressing wounds, relieving rheumatism and as an alternative in cases of neuralgia, epilepsy, hysteria and mental imbalance.
  • The expectorant effect is due to the content of volatile oils, and the bronchodilator effect of vaccin is used together with atropine. Vasicin is also the reason for its use to stimulate uterine muscle contraction to speed up or induce labor.
  • The leaves are boiled and combined with honey, ginger and black pepper (piper nigrum) to treat coughs and respiratory ailments. A decoction of the plant is used to expel intestinal parasites and exhaustion of the organism (ftritis).
  • Fresh flowers of this plant are used to treat eye diseases such as ophthalmia. The leaf has also shown significant protective properties in conditions leading to liver damage.
  • Potential side effects of Adhatod Vasica

    The use of leaf extract is considered safe. However, uterine tonic and abortifacient activity prevent its use during pregnancy, except during childbirth. Due to the strength of this herb, it should be taken under medical supervision.

    Adhatoda Vasica therapeutic doses

    As a decoction, 1-3 grams of dried leaves. Liquid extract; 20 to 60 min. Squash; 1 to 4 fluid drams. Tincture; 1/2 to 1 dram of liquid.

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