The Flow Of Electrical Current Is Possible Because Electrons Are Let’s Learn How to Make Solar Power

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Let’s Learn How to Make Solar Power

The need for other sources of energy has become increasingly vital. The costs and supply of conventional fuels have increased, and the consequences of their waste and emissions on the environment are getting worse. Now is the time to use alternative power solutions. Eliminate your reliance on the utility and make solar power, your own solar electricity from the sun.

How to generate solar energy – the concept behind it

To produce solar energy or produce electricity from solar energy, we need solar cells or solar panels. These solar panels are made of semi-conductive material; the most common is silicon, which contains electrons. When photons (contained within the sun’s rays) strike solar cells, they displace electrons from atoms. This leaves an empty space that attracts other free available electrons. If a PN junction is made in the cell, then the emitted photons begin to flow towards the P side of the junction. The effect of this electron movement results in the flow of electrical current which can then be directed from the surface of the cell through electrical contacts to produce energy.

Different components used for solar energy production:

– Solar cells, commonly called PV panels

– One or more batteries

– Charging regulator for a stand-alone system

– Inverter, when alternating current (ac) is needed instead of direct current (dc).

– Wiring

– Mounting hardware or frame.

Important factors affecting the efficiency of solar energy

– Reflectivity of the cell surface

– The efficiency is also affected by the amount of light blocked by the surface electrodes lying on the front of the cell.

– The operating temperature of the cell also affects the efficiency, the hotter the cell, the less current it produces. Inherently, the solar cells used heat up, so it is important to mount them in such a way that they are cooled to maximize current output.

– Make sure the batteries you use for your system are suitable for the application. Because the batteries used in these systems are slow to discharge and recharge

The following are some of the current applications of solar electricity or photovoltaics (PV).

– “Standalone” PV systems: These are the simplest photovoltaic systems that generate direct current (dc) electricity so that they can be used immediately to run fans, water pumps and many other devices that use direct current.

– PV systems for battery storage: Can be designed to power equipment that requires direct or alternating current. People using AC equipment can add an inverter which is a power conditioning device between the batteries and the load.

– PV systems that have a back-up generator supply: they are most suitable for situations where a remote or off-grid supply is required and this supply must always be available.

– Hybrid energy systems: These systems are ideal for remote applications such as military installations, communication stations and rural villages.

– PV systems and net metering: This allows homeowners to get the full value of the electricity their solar system produces.

Let’s try to get out of this cruel bar of paying hard earned money to companies for their electricity. Make your own solar power and reduce your bill to very little or nothing.

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