How Much Water Can Flow Through A 2 Inch Pipe How to Install a Sand Trap Drain

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How to Install a Sand Trap Drain

If the property does not have a proper drainage system, the result can be serious flooding of the yard, basement and even the garage. Because soil particles come in different sizes, soil permeability can vary. For example, soils with small particles are called cohesionless soils. Also, there is soil with large particles such as gravel and sand. If you have problems with flooding in your basement or garage, you may need a special type of drain called a sand drain.

Structures built on cohesionless soil can eventually suffer serious structural damage from flooding resulting in costly repairs. These drains are designed for soils with low permeability. Permeability is the property of the soil pore system that allows water to flow. Regarding permeability, the general rule is that the smaller the particle size, the lower the permeability of the soil. A sand drain is a hole drilled in solid ground and filled with sand. Because sand has larger particles, its permeability is much higher; therefore, water will flow through it much more easily allowing it to drain properly.

The following is a general guide to installing a sand trap drain:

1. When installing this drain, the height of the concrete foundation above the floor should be about 5-6 inches. It is important to ensure proper height above the floor before starting the project.

2. After you have measured the exact height, at the place where you are installing the drain, draw a line around the perimeter of the area with a pencil. Use a utility knife to cut lines on the drywall. After you have cut, take out the parts at the bottom.

3. The bottom of the drywall needs to be replaced with plywood. About 2 or 3 inches of drywall should be enough. Install the plywood. All drain pipes will need to be secured above the drain pipe that will go into the side of the sand trap. Also, the pipe going into the sand trap should be attached at least six inches above the bottom of the trap. The elbow must be attached to the sand siphon drain to help transport water through the drainage system and away from flood-prone areas. Remember, a 2 inch opening is required for the sand trap.

4. Install the sand trap drain and make troughs about 4 to 6 inches wide on each side that slope into the trap.

Heavy rain and melting snow can cause excess water to accumulate if you don’t have adequate drainage. If you are the owner of a house with excess accumulated water, a sand drain may be the solution. If the sand trap drain is for a garage, a metal grate attached above the drain will allow people to walk or drive over the trap without causing damage. Many experts recommend building a custom sand trap drain; but you can buy them as ready-made sand trap drains.

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