Flat Collector Plates Through Which Water Flows Are Found In Solar Water Heaters – Components, Working, Uses And Types

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Solar Water Heaters – Components, Working, Uses And Types

Throughout the world, the most common application of solar energy is heating. Solar water heaters are devices that heat for households, industrial and commercial needs using solar energy. A solar water system with a capacity of 100 liters per day can save up to 1,500 units of electricity per year.

Components

The solar heating system consists of a flat solar collector, connecting pipes (which carry water from the collector to the tank and to the end user) and the tank.

  • The collector contains copper plates consisting of copper tubes welded together (coated with black coating for high absorption) with an insulating material on the back and a sheet of tempered glass on top. The entire assembly is housed in a flat box.

  • In some models, the copper plates have been replaced by vacuum-sealed glass tubes. In such models, the insulating box and cover sheet are not present.

It works

A solar water heater system is usually installed on the open ground or roof. The collector is placed facing the sun. This system is connected to a continuous supply. It flows through pipes and heats up by absorbing the sun’s heat. Once heated, it is stored in a container for future use. The insulation in the tank keeps it hot overnight. Thus, the absorption of solar radiation by black surfaces helps in heating, and the insulation of pipes and tanks helps in maintaining heat.

Its use

  • Heated water can be used for cleaning, washing and bathing.

  • By using this, you can save the electricity consumed by the electric geyser. It also saves costs that are used to generate electricity. So, you can also contribute to the national economy by switching to solar energy.

  • It ensures uninterrupted supply even if there is a power outage in your area.

  • They do not pollute. By doing this, you can prevent the emission of carbon dioxide. Therefore, it also has advantages for the environment.

  • They have a lifespan of 15-20 years.

Types of heating systems

These systems are of three types. These include flat plate collectors, vacuum tube collectors and concentrating collectors. The most common type used in residential environments in our country are flat plate collectors. Compared to its counterparts, it is cheaper. Vacuum tube headers are not commonly available, but have been suggested for residential systems. Concentrating collectors are useful for industrial use and electricity production.

These solar systems are increasingly being used in India. Annually, over 20,000 heating systems are installed in residential buildings throughout the country. If you too want to install one in your home, industrial or commercial environment, check out online stores. You may even get free installation quotes.

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