Electricity That Flows In A Closed Path Is Called A Figures and Facts About Niagara Falls

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Figures and Facts About Niagara Falls

As a world-renowned destination visited by more than 20 million tourists each year, it’s no wonder that people are curious about these amazing waterfalls and want to know more about them.

The falls were created when the glaciers began to retreat at the end of the Wisconsin Ice Age, and water came from the newly formed Great Lakes. The slowly receding ice formed a path through the Niagara Escarpment. The falls are estimated to be around 12,000 years old and the name comes from the Iroquois word “onguiaahra”, which is their word for “flat”. Originally, the waterfall was 7 miles downstream from its current location. Erosion slowly causes the falls to move each year.

Another historical fact about Niagara Falls is that it was first discovered by a European in 1678, a Franciscan monk and explorer named Louis Hennepin. However, it did not become a major tourist destination until the 1800s. The river was dammed for the first time to generate electricity in 1881.

Located between the state of New York in America and the province of Ontario in Canada, the falls are on the international border between the countries. As for the next largest cities, Buffalo NY is 23 miles away and Toronto, ON is 79 miles away. There are actually 2 cities named Niagara Falls, one in each country.

The falls themselves are 176 feet tall, which is certainly not that impressive compared to many of the taller waterfalls in the world. But the width is 1,060 feet, which means that Niagara Falls is one of the most powerful falls on the continent in terms of volume of water. Because of their shear size, the water never stops even in a frozen winter. Even so, there can be huge ice formations across the river if it gets cold enough.

There are actually 3 sets of waterfalls at Niagara. American Falls is between Luna Island and Prospect Place, and Bridal Falls is between Luna Island and Goat Island. The larger Canadian Falls lie between Goat Island and Tablerock. Due to the location of Goat Island, the flow of water over American Falls is significantly lower than the main Horseshoe Falls.

The first large-scale hydroelectric dam in the world was built at American Falls in 1895. With more than 5 billion gallons of water pouring over the falls, a lot of energy needs to be generated. Half of the water is diverted to generate electricity for Canada and the United States. It is the largest source of hydroelectric power in the world.

Believe it or not, even these huge waterfalls have dried up. Twice, actually. The first time was in 1848 due to an ice jam further along the river, and again in 1969 as part of a project to remove some rocks from the bottom of the waterfall. That particular project was never completed.

Niagara Falls is not only popular among newlyweds. Several big movies have been shot here. Superman and Pirates of the Caribbean had scenes filmed at the falls, as did Marilyn Monroe’s film, Niagara.

At night, the falls are illuminated for a very nice view, but the reason is actually to cover up the fact that the water has been diverted through a hydroelectric plant. By lowering the water level each night, the natural erosion of the falls is greatly reduced and now the falls only move a few inches a year instead of a few feet. This is one of the little known facts about Niagara Falls.

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