Correct Order Of Blood Flow Beginning With The Right Atrium Heart Diseases Part V – Heart Diseases Affecting Heart Valves

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Heart Diseases Part V – Heart Diseases Affecting Heart Valves

As we mentioned in previous articles, heart diseases are caused by high blood pressure which contributes to hardening of the arteries. High levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) build up in the arteries as a result of an uncontrolled diet with high levels of saturated fat and trans fat.

Heart disease that affects the heart valves occurs when the mitral valve in the heart narrows, causing the heart to work harder to pump blood from the left atrium to the ventricle.

Here are some types of heart disease that affect the heart valves:

1. Mitral stenosis

Mitral stenosis is a heart valve disorder that involves a narrowing or blockage of the mitral valve opening, causing an increase in blood volume and pressure in the left atrium.

2. Regurgitation of the mitral valves

Mitral regurgitation is a heart disease in which the mitral valve of your heart does not close tightly, preventing blood from moving efficiently through the heart. Symptoms of mitral valve regurgitation are fatigue and shortness of breath.

3. Mitral valve prolapse

In mitral valve prolapse, one or both valve leaflets are too large, causing the valve to close unevenly during each heartbeat. Symptoms of mitral valve prolapse are palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue and chest pain.

4. Aortic stenosis

With aging, the protein collagen on the valve leaflets is destroyed and calcium deposits on the leaflets causing scarring, thickening and stenosis of the valve, thereby increasing the wear and tear of the valve leaflets resulting in the symptoms and heart problems of aortic stenosis.

5. Aortic regurgitation

Aortic regurgitation is a leak in the aortic valve of the heart that causes blood to flow in the reverse direction during ventricular diastole, from the aorta to the left ventricle. Symptoms of aortic regurgitation include fatigue or weakness, shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations, and irregular heartbeats.

6. Tricuspid stenosis

Tricuspid stenosis is a narrowing of the opening of the tricuspid heart valve that causes increased resistance to blood flow through the valve. Symptoms of tricuspid stenosis include fatigue, enlarged liver, abdominal swelling, neck discomfort, and swelling of the legs and ankles.

7. Tricuspid regurgitation.

Tricuspid regurgitation is right ventricular failure that causes blood to leak back through the tricuspid valve from the right ventricle into the right atrium of the heart. Symptoms of tricuspid regurgitation include swelling of the legs and ankles and swelling of the abdomen.

I hope the above information helps you better understand heart disease. If you would like to read more about the above topic, please visit my home page at:

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