Blockage Of Blood Flow To The Brain Is Known As Obesity And Overweight: Five Diseases And Health Conditions

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Obesity And Overweight: Five Diseases And Health Conditions

A healthcare professional can easily tell if you are overweight, obese or healthy by simply measuring your body mass index or BMI for short. It effectively determines your weight in proportion to your height, and the further outside the standard range, the higher your chances of developing a number of critical health problems caused by obesity and overweight.

Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight is something that cannot be achieved overnight and can prove to be a challenging task in the long run for obese and overweight people. Maintaining a healthy weight through appropriate means, or at least preventing weight gain, can help overweight people reduce the likelihood of developing certain health conditions.

Obesity is on the verge of becoming a national epidemic in the US and is associated with several chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. A serious health condition is responsible for a staggering 18% of the death rate in the 40-85 age group in the US population, a 2013 study on health noted, challenging the deep-rooted, prevailing understanding of the medical and scientific community that only 5 of every 100 deaths in the country are related to obesity. The new discovery suggests it is essentially as deadly as cigarette smoking when it comes to discussing public health risks, as certain forms of nicotine consumption can be linked to 20 out of every 100 deaths in the US and is recognized as a major preventable cause of death in the country.

Nearly 2 out of every 5 American adults were diagnosed with obesity in 2015-16, a significant increase from 34% in 2007-2008, and its impact deepened with a sharp increase from 5.7% to 7.7% during that time. While no country reported an obesity rate higher than 15% in 1985, as many as 5 of them reported rates higher than 35% for 2016.

Obesity and overweight are often associated with emotional health problems such as depression. People who are either overweight or obese may also experience weight bias, as well as stigma from health care providers and others, which in turn can result in guilt, feelings of rejection, or shame, further exacerbating prevailing issues related to one’s mental well-being.

The main diseases and health complications caused by obesity and overweight are summarized below.

I. TYPE 2 DIABETES

When blood glucose levels become permanently abnormally high, the medical condition is called type 2 diabetes. About 4 out of every 5 people with this form of diabetes are known to be obese or overweight. High blood sugar levels can manifest a number of medical conditions, such as stroke, heart disease, eye problems, neuropathic damage, eye problems, and other health problems.

Allowing yourself occasional physical activity and reducing 5% to 7% of your weight can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes if you belong to a risk group for the disease.

II. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

When blood rushes through the blood vessels in your body with significantly greater force, a certain medical condition is known as hypertension, or more commonly, high blood pressure. It can cause an alarmingly high level of damage to your blood vessels, strain your heart and increase your chances of stroke, kidney disease, heart attack and even death.

III. HEART DISEASE

The umbrella term heart disease is routinely used to refer to a wide and diverse range of medical conditions that can affect the general well-being of the organ. If you are diagnosed with heart disease, you are at greater risk of heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina, heart attack, or a heart rhythm that is not considered normal. Elevated levels of fat in the bloodstream, high blood sugar concentrations, and high blood pressure can increase the chances of heart disease. Blood lipids or blood fats necessarily refer to triglycerides, high-density lipoproteins or HDL cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins or LDL cholesterol. Losing 5% to 10% of your body weight is likely to help reduce your risk of developing heart disease and can help improve blood flow, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure.

IV. STROKE

If a blood vessel in your neck or brain becomes blocked or ruptured, it causes the blood flow to your brain to suddenly stop, a medical condition known as a stroke. A stroke can cause reversible or irreversible damage to your brain, resulting in partial or complete paralysis, making you unable to speak or move your body. Adequately, hypertension is recognized as a vital cause of stroke.

V. SLEEP APNEA

Sleep apnea is a medical condition where a person does not breathe frequently and is quite common in a large number of people around the world. It can also stop breathing completely in small intervals. If said sleep disorder remains undiagnosed and untreated, it can increase the chances of other critical health problems, such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

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