An Area Of Necrosis Due To Lack Of Blood Flow Understanding Bloat Or Gastric Dilation Volvulus in Dogs

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Understanding Bloat Or Gastric Dilation Volvulus in Dogs

Gastric dilatation volvulus or also known as bloat, GDV or gastric torsion is a life-threatening condition that affects dogs. Deep-chested breeds such as Great Danes and Dobermans usually suffer from this disease. This rarely happens in smaller dog breeds. Unfortunately, despite treatment, one quarter to one third of dogs will not survive GDV. There are several causes of GDV, but genes and dietary habits are two that play a large role in the development of this condition in dogs.

GDV is characterized when gas cannot escape from the stomach. The normal contractions of the stomach wall stop and the whole organs move in the abdomen. Because of this, the blood supply is cut off by the twisting effect. The tissues are starved of oxygen. The stomach will expand, putting pressure on the diaphragm causing breathing problems. The dog could go into cardiac arrest due to restrictions found in the abdominal arteries. The dog could go into shock and if not treated immediately could cause death.

There are factors that can contribute to GDV. These include overeating, feeding once a day, and vigorous activity after meals. Older male dogs are the most likely to develop this problem compared to other dogs. Dogs undergoing GDV may experience abdominal pain. If you notice vomiting, increased drooling, panting or the worst coma, bring your dog to the hospital immediately. An X-ray can show gas that is trapped in the stomach. The vet would most likely put in a quick IV of fluids and oxygen. If your dog is in a coma, artificial respiration is necessary. A gastric tube will be inserted to deflate the stomach and restore blood circulation.

There are medical treatments that are performed along the way if necessary. These include cardiac arrhythmias, electrolyte imbalances, and sepsis. If the dog is ready for anesthesia, the next process is surgical repair of the damaged stomach tissue and gastropexy. It also involves attaching the stomach to the abdominal wall.

Be careful because complications can occur after surgery. These include recurrence of symptoms, cardiac arrhythmias, necrosis and perforation of damaged organs, and peritonitis or sepsis of the abdominal cavity. The diagnosis of a GDV patient depends on how quickly the dog receives treatment. The extent of tissue damage is also often examined. It is necessary to carry out subsequent therapy. The dog should be on antibiotics to prevent infections, IV fluids to allow the dog to eat normally and for pain control. GDV is a serious condition that requires immediate medical treatment. If you think your dog is suffering from bloat, always be cautious.

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